React Native vs Xamarin
If you follow the latest trends in the app development sector, you know that React Native vs Xamarin is a common battle. They share a spot on the list of top cross-platform technologies. They both provide an environment for convenient development of products on multiple platforms at once. However, they have different functionalities which may be more useful or less, depending on the project.
Let’s explore the characteristics of the two cross-platform technologies and discover when it’s good to switch to one or the other.
React Native App Development
We’ve already talked about what is React Native used for and how the framework makes everything easier. Let’s quickly sum up its history.
Xamarin App Development
On the other side of the ring, we have our old friend Xamarin.
Xamarin is also an open-source framework but it operates on C# and .Net instead of JS libraries and HTML. The framework allows for building apps for Android, iOS, and Windows, enabling sharing approx. 90% of app code across all platforms. It was released in 2013 by Microsoft and since then provides developers with a technology responsible for managing communication between shared code and platform code.
Let’s compare them on key metrics
What matters for either developers or product owners is the performance, coding environment, development costs, and possible community support of a given technology.
React Native vs Xamarin: Performance
React Native lets you build apps with lightning speed processing, highly responsive UI, and great overall performance almost identical to native mobile apps. However, the framework doesn’t support 64-bit mode on Android.
Xamarin wins one category as it fully supports 64-bit mode and it runs the fastest code on Android and iOS. Xamarin apps also are of high-performance with native-like feeling as it uses platform-specific hardware acceleration.
React Native vs Xamarin: Development environment
React Native is very flexible when it comes to choosing your development environment. As a developer, you can select any IDE (integrated dev. env.)/text editor for your work choosing from dozens available on the Internet. Atom, Sublime Text, Visual Studio Code, GNU to name a few. What’s important here is that React Native has a powerful feature called Hot Reloading. It basically means developers can see changes in the code in real-time without the need to fully reload the app. Cool stuff!
Xamarin has more to offer as it allows you to build apps in Visual Studio Code and Apple’s XCode. Choosing this framework you can write code for an iPhone app on Windows and then compile it for Mac. Visual Studio provides many useful tools and layouts to make your app works just better and it generally simplifies the whole process.
React Native vs Xamarin: Community support
React Native capabilities were appreciated by the vast majority of developers worldwide. Because of that, the technology has a pretty extensive coding community around, ready to educate others and share knowledge about working with the framework. If you want to learn React Native, there are tons of materials available online including not only articles but also whole courses and tutorials!
Xamarin is two years older than React Native but since it’s not that popular there will be fewer people operating actively on the technology today. But if you’re looking for experienced Xamarin developers ready to help you with the code, you can find them on forums, Stack Overflow, or QA sites.
React Native vs Xamarin: Cost
The only thing that makes React Native wins this category is the fact that enterprises have to pay for Visual Studio in order to use Xamarin, while React Native is an open-source framework = free for everyone!
Pros and cons of React Native
- Access to native functionalities
- Ready-to-use components
- Highly responsive UI
- Hot reloading feature
- Pretty extensive community support
- Open source and free of use
- Frequent updates
- It can’t handle complex animations
- It doesn’t ensure security for third-party plugins
- Inability to perform on multiple screens
Pros and cons of Xamarin
- Equipped with a profiler that reports about performance issues
- Full hardware support (GPS, camera, etc.)
- Open source and free
- Xamarin Component Store available
- Support for two development environments (Visual Studio and Apple XCode)
- Complicated documentation
- Not the best for complex UI
- Smaller community support
- The large size of Xamarin apps
- Knowledge of platform-specific code might be needed
The choice of what to work with lays in your hands. We collected the key information about both technologies to help you see the bigger picture. Overall, both Xamarin and React Native provide great functionalities and environment to build high-performance apps.
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